Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

More and more data is being collected to support there is evidence of success from emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD)/ risk needs responsivity (RNR) framework and principles. The Council for Exceptional Children defines emotional and behavioral disorders as a condition exhibiting an inability to learn, build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships, inappropriate types of behavior or feelings, a general pervasive mood of unhappiness/depression and lastly, the tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems. The Federal Probation Journal defines risk needs responsivity (RNR) as a framework that officers use to figure out which individuals are most likely to recidivate again and what drives this action. It is based on the adherence to principles of effective intervention including the risk, need and responsivity principles. The risk principle is matching the level of service to the offender’s level of risk and results in providing intensive services to higher-risk clients and minimal services to lower-risk clients. The need principle targets criminogenic needs or dynamic risk factors related to criminal behavior such as pro-criminal attitudes and substance abuse. Finally, the responsivity principle matches style and mode of intervention to the abilities, motivation and learning style of the offender.

One of the largest changes that comes from successful implementation and use of EBD/RNR framework is the reduction in recidivism rates. On average, 45% of released prison populations reoffend and end up back in jail according to the Justice Center. However, 25% of the 45% end up back in prison due to technical violations, such as missing appointments or failing drug tests, which can be avoided with the proper intervention. The use of EBD/RNR in these technical violations can help individuals get to the root of why they missed appointments or how they can start to deter from using drugs.

According to a study done by the Federal Probation Journal, adherence to the risk needs responsivity principles showed promising results with recidivism rates and helping alter people’s criminogenic behaviors. Adherence to at least one principle led to small (3%) decrease in recidivism rates, with adherence to at least two principles leading to a large (17%) decrease in recidivism and lastly, adherence to all three principles led to a larger (25%) decrease in recidivism rates. Officers who applied RNR when with probation clients only had 53.8% reconvicted compared to officers who did not apply RNR had a 64% reconviction rate of those on probation. Finally, non-adherence showed a small (2%) increase in recidivism rates. Data is providing evidence that RNR framework and EBD can be successful in helping change individuals lives for the better. It provides support and acceptable behaviors that successfully rehabilitate people back into society and drastically lower recidivism rates.


Community Supervision

Almost every pretrial, probation and/or parole supervisor are overwhelmed with overloaded caseloads, some of which are assigned upwards of 150-200 cases. Administrative tasks, commuting, and check-ins take up straining amounts of time and often leads to unattended caseloads of low-risk and high-risk individuals. New technology is being developed to help with these inefficiencies and allowing supervisors to allocate their time and resources appropriately and timely. Technology is the new paper when it comes to keeping organized, case management and enhancing resource allocation, caseload optimization and operational efficiency. 

TRACKtech has created and developed an evidence-based, data-driven, mobile platform that offers comprehensive rehabilitation and compliance monitoring capabilities. Our solution enhances communication, monitors risks and provides an approach to enhance recovery and support reentry requirements within the criminal justice industry. Addressing a wide range of supervised individuals’ needs, from healthcare to those of the justice-involved, the platform integrates community-based resources to enable successful rehabilitation, reentry, and increased public safety.

TRACKcase has been proven to increase officer workload efficiency and capacity. Officers can see their entire caseload on one dashboard, highlighting which clients/program members are in compliance and which ones are not. This simple notification helps the officer know where their attention is needed most at the time. Officers can meet with three times as many clients in any given day by leveraging teleconferencing verses travelling to each individual’s home or having those clients/program members report in person.  Mass check-ins allow an officer to request a check-in from each client/program member on their caseload simultaneously. Out of compliance check-ins will result in a notification to the officer, without the officer having to sort through their entire caseload providing an operational efficiency. In addition, virtual meetings eliminate the wait times for clients in the probation office and reduce the likelihood of them interacting with non-associates or the introduction to new negative influences or peers. For officers, another benefit to video teleconferencing is the increase of safety and a decrease in the potential COVID-19 exposure.

TRACKtech’s platform, includes a broad spectrum of data and workflow automation, enables officers and agencies to implement individualized and responsive case plans, connecting clients/program members to prosocial, community-based resources, meeting criminogenic needs and reducing the likelihood of recidivism. We can overlay Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) principles and determine through assessments what an offender’s risk is and meet their needs based on behavioral health supports.  Our platform was built in consultation with behavioral health professionals to enable whole-person rehabilitative support while providing compliance assessment services for individuals in the process of re-entering society.  In addition, we equip re-entry teams with numerous tools to more effectively monitor and verify an individual’s progress. Rehabilitation and community-based resources are crucial when it comes to a person feeling supported and reintegrating into society. Technology is proving to be useful and helpful to both supervisors and clients, as it provides resources, rehabilitation, efficiency and caseload optimization for all involved.